The History of Leith

June 7, 2013

Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism is a branch of Protestant Christianity that typically adheres to the Calvinist theological tradition and whose congregations are organized according to a Presbyterian polity. Presbyterian theology typically emphasizes the sovereignty of God, the authority of the Scriptures, and the necessity of grace through faith in Christ and rejects transubstantiation. That is, the belief that the elements of bread and wine are changed into the physical flesh and blood of Jesus. Rather, they believe Christ is present in the communion elements in a spiritual sense. Presbyterianism originated primarily in France and Switzerland and spread to Scotland, where it was very successful. Scotland ensured Presbyterian “church government” in the Acts of Union in 1707[1] which created the kingdom of Great Britain. In fact, most Presbyterians found in England can trace a Scottish connection, and the Presbyterian denomination was also taken to North America mostly by Scots and Scots-Irish immigrants. The Presbyterian denominations in Scotland hold to the theology of Calvin and his immediate successors, although there is a range of theological views within contemporary Presbyterianism. for more click here

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