History of Leith, Edinburgh

Archive for 2013

New Model Army

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration. It differed from other armies in the series of civil wars referred to as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms in that it was intended as an army liable for service anywhere in the country (including in Scotland and Ireland), rather than being tied to a single area or garrison. Its soldiers became full-time professionals, rather than part-time militia. To establish a professional officer corps, the army’s leaders were prohibited from having seats in either the House of Lords or House of Commons. This was to encourage their separation from the political or religious factions among the Parliamentarians. for more click here

Oliver Cromwell

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658)[N 1] was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. for more click here

Siege of Leith

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

The Siege of Leith ended a twelve-year encampment of French troops at Leith, the port near Edinburgh, Scotland. The French troops arrived by invitation in 1548 and left in 1560 after an English force arrived to assist in removing them from Scotland. They finally left under the terms of a treaty signed by Scotland, England and France. for more click here

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh,on the banks of the River Esk near Musselburgh, Scotland on 10 September 1547, was part of the conflict known as the Rough Wooing. It was the last pitched battle between Scottish and English armies, and is seen as the first modern battle in the British Isles. It was a catastrophic defeat for Scotland, and became known there as Black Saturday. for more click here

Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, KG, (c. 1500 – 22 January 1552) was Lord Protector of England during the minority of his nephew King Edward VI (1547–1553), in the period between the death of King Henry VIII in 1547 and his own indictment in 1549. for more click here

Lord Protector

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protector) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for heads of state. It is also a particular title for the British heads of state in respect to the established church. It is sometimes used to render in English other posts of temporary regent, acting for the absent monarchic head of state. for more click here

Doomed to wander

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

13th March 1656. — It is unanimuslie condescended and concluded that our petitione sould be sent up to England to the Lord Protector concerning our Kirk that it would please his Heighness to cause restor it to us agan that wee may convein in it for ye worship of God, seing we have no place to meitt in but in ye open fields.

Also to writ to Collonel Fenwick governour of Leith qo for the pnt is at Londone that his honour would be assistant yrunto.
(Note.—These Minutes show the forlorn lot of the congregation doomed to wander (because of support of the monarchy) in the wilderness all these months. The services were, we may suppose, held none the less regularly, the people gathering round the Giant’s Brae, on which the minister stood to preach. Even so the services were subject to surveillance by the evangelical troops of the Protector.)

Stiffing

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

21 Ap. 1656.—James Stevenson . . . report that Adam Gairns his land besyd ye new hospitall wch was called the stiffing house payes yearlie Ten pound sterling and the land in ye narrow close upo ye Shore bewast the broad wynd payes yearlie £20 sterling. So the session compones both ye lands for ane £100 scots.
(Note.—These were casualties due to the Session. “Stiffing” was an old word for starch. The close referred to may have been the Precious Close, a narrow cid-de-sac now closed but still existing.)

source-South Leith Records

“Magasin” means war stores

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

26 of June 1656.—Anthoine Rosewell, James Cutler and John Young Tailzr are desyred to goe to the North Kirk Session of Leith to intimat unto them that ye Counsell of State in Scotland efter ye sight of ane reference (from his heighness The Lord Protector) haith appoynted the south congregation of Leith to have the use of the north kirk to preach in for a tyme until the Magasin be removit from ye south paroch unto ye Citidal, at which tym the south congregatioun are to be restored to yr owne south kirk again, God willing.

(Note. — “Magasin” means war stores. The inference from this Minute is that the stores of the army — provisions, guns, horses, etc. — were kept in and about South Leith church, which formed the headquarters of the garrison until these were removed to the Citadel. The Citadel of North Leith was one of the great fortifications built by Cromwell — “passing fair and sumptuous.” To make way for it, the burial place of North Leith was removed to the banks of the Water of Leith, where it remains still as a witness to the warlike energy of the great Protector. A description of the Citadel will be found in the histories of Leith. The main entrance, a strong archway thirty feet deep, may still be seen leading off Dock Street, )

Scotland’s oldest bride and groom tie the knot after more than 30 years together

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

BILL BURNETT, 86, and his 89-year-old partner Jane Pollock had been living together for three decades before Bill proposed, and the couple eventually married at South Leith Parish Church in Edinburgh yesterday. for more click here

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