The History of Leith

September 13, 2012

Sack Leith, burn, and subvert it

On the death of James V., in 1542, the Regent
Arran thoroughly repaired the Castle, and appointed
governor Sir James Hamilton of Stanehouse, a gallant
soldier, ‘who proved worthy of the trust reposed
in him when, in 1544, Henry VIII., exasperated at
the Scots for declining to fulfil a treaty, made by an
English faction, affiancing the young Queen Mary
to his only son Edward, sent the Earl of Hertford
with an army, and 200 sail under Dudley Lord
I’Isle to the Forth, with orders, so characteristic of
a ferocious despot, ” to put all to fire and sword ; to
burn Edinburgh, raze, deface, and sack it; to beat
down and overthrow the Castle ; to sack Holyrood
and as many towns and villages as he could; to
sack Leith, burn, and subvert it, and all the rest;
putting man, woman, and child, to fire and sword,
without exception.”*

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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