The History of Leith

September 12, 2012

The Castle captured

From sources that can scarcely be doubted, a
fortress of some kind upon the rock would seem to
have been occupied by the Picts, from whom it
was captured in 452 by the Saxons of Northmnbria
under Octa and Ebusa; and from that time
down to the reign of Malcolm II. its history
exhibits but a constant struggle for its possession
between them and the Picts, each being victorious
in turn; and Edwin, one of these Northumbrian
invaders, is said to have rebuilt it in 626. Territories
seemed so easily overrun in those times, that
the latter, with’the Scots, in the year 638, under
the reign of Valentinian I., penetrated as far as
London, but were repulsed by Theodosius, father
of the Emperor of the same name. This is the
Edwin whose pagan high-priest Coifi was converted
to Christianity by Paulinus, in 627, and who, according
to Bede, destroyed the heathen temples
and altars.

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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