The History of Leith

August 27, 2012

City Markets

PREVIOUS to 1477 there were no particular places
assigned for holding the different markets in the
city, and this often caused much personal strife
among the citizens. To remedy this evil, James III.,
by letters patent, ordained that the markets for J:he
various commodities should be held in the following
parts of the city, viz.:—
In the Cowgate, the place for the sale of hay,
straw, grass, and horse-meat, ran from the foot of
Forrester’s Wynd to the foot of Peebles Wynd.
The flesh market was to be held in the High
Street, on both sides, from Niddry’s Wynd to the
Blackfriars Wynd; the salt market to be held in
the former Wynd.
The crames, or booths, for chapmen were to be
set up between the Bell-house and the Tron on the
north side of the street; the booths of the hatmakers
and skinners to be on the opposite side of
the way.
The wood and timber market extended from
Dalrymple’s Yard to the Greyfriars, and westward.
The place for the sale of shoes, and of red barked
leather, was between Forrester’s Wynd and the
west wall of Dalrymple’s Yard.
The cattle-market, and that for the sale of
slaughtered sheep, was to be about the Tron-beam,
and so ” doun throuch to the Friar’s Wynd; alsa,
all pietricks, pluvars, capones, conyngs, chekins,
and all other wyld foulis and tame, to be usit and
said about the Market Croce.”
All living cattle were not to be brought into the
town, but to be sold under the walls, westward of
the royal stables, or lower end of the Grassmarket.
Meal, grain, and corn were to be retailed from
the Tolbooth up to Liberton’s Wynd.
The Upper Bow was the place ordained for the
sale of all manner of cloths, cottons, and haberdashery
; also for butter, cheese, and wool, ” and
sicklike gudis yat suld be weyit” at a tron set
there, but not to be opened before nine A.M. Beneath
the Nether Bow, and about St. Mary’s
Wynd, was the place set apart for cutlers, smiths,
lorimers, lock-makers, “and sicklike workmen ; and
all armour, graith, gear,” and so forth, were to be
sold in the Friday market, before the Greyfriars’.
In Gordon of Rothiemay’s map ” the fleshstocks
” are shown as being in the Canongate,
immediately below the Nether Bow Port.

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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