The History of Leith

July 19, 2012

Roman Cramond

Two miles and a half westward of Granton lies
Cramond, embosomed among fine wood, where the
river Almond, which chiefly belongs to Edinburghshire,
though it rises in the Muir of Shotts, falls
into the Firth of Forth, forming a small estuary
navigable by boats for nearly a mile.
Its name is said to be derived from caer, a fort, {
and avon, a river, and. it is supposed to have been,
from a disinterred inscription, the Alaterva of the |
Romans, who had a station here—the Alauna of
Ptolemy. Imperial medals, coins, altars, pavements,
have been found here in remarkable
quantities; and a bronze strigil, among them, is
now preserved in the Museum of Antiquities (National Museum of Scotland. On
the eastern bank of the river there lay a Roman
mole, where doubtless galleys were moored when
the water was deeper. Inscriptions have proved
that Cramond was the quarters of the II. and
XX. Legions, under Lollius Urbicus, when forming
the Roman rampart and military road in the second
century—relics of the temporary dominion of Rome
in the South Lowlands

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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