The History of Leith

June 25, 2012

Knights Hospitaller

The Knights Hospitaller, also known as the Hospitallers or Order of Hospitallers, and the Knights of St John or Order of St John, were among the most famous of the Western Christian military orders during the Middle Ages.

The Hospitallers arose as a group of individuals associated with the work of an Amalfitan hospital in the Muristan district of Jerusalem, which founded around 1023 by Blessed Gerard to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land, and was dedicated to St John the Baptist. After the Western Christian conquest of Jerusalem in 1099 during the First Crusade, the organisation became a religious and military order under its own charter, and was charged with the care and defence of the Holy Land. Following the conquest of the Holy Land by Islamic forces, the Order operated from Rhodes, over which it was sovereign, and later from Malta where it administered a vassal state under the Spanish viceroy of Sicily. for more click here

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