The History of Leith

May 25, 2012


THE long piers of Leith are now seaward of the
Martello tower, and the battery at the fort is no
longer on the seashore, but—owing to the reclamation
of land, the erection of the goods and passenger
stations of the Caledonian Railway, and the formation
beyond these of a marine parade to Anchorfield—
is now literally far inland and useless. This
circumstance, coupled with the vast progress made
of late years in the science of gunnery and projectiles,
led to the construction of the Inchkeith
forts for the protection of Leith and of the river j
and to them we have already referred as the chief
or only defences of the seaport.
This island stands nearly midway between Leith
and Kinghorn, four miles distant from the Martello
tower, and is said to take its name from the valiant
Scot named Robert, who slew the Danish general
at the battle of Camustone or Barrie in Angus, and
obtained from Malcolm II., in 1010, the barony
of Keith in Lothian, with the office of Marischal
of Scotland. It has, however, claims to higher
antiquity, and is supposed to be the caer guidi
of the venerable Bede, and to have been fortified
in his time.

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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