The History of Leith

February 15, 2012

Three crosses of the Canongate

Of old, three crosses stood in the main street: that of St. John, near the head of the present St. John Street, at which Charles I. knighted the Provost on “his entering the city in 1633; the
ancient Market Cross, which formerly stood opposite the present Tolbooth, and is represented in Gordon’s Map as mounted on a stone gallery, like that of the City Cross, and the shaft of which, a very elegant design, still exists, attached to the southeast corner of the just-named edifice. Its chief use in later times was a pillory, and the iron staple yet remains to which culprits were attached by the iron collar named the jougs. The third,, or Girth Cross, stood at the foot of the Canongate, 100 feet westward from the Abbey-strand. ” It consisted,” says Kincaid, ” of three steps as a base and a pillar upon the top, and was called the Girth Cross from its being the western limit of the Sanctuary; but in paving the street it was removed, and its place is now known by a circle of stones upon the west side of the well within the Water Gate.”

source-Old and New Edinburgh

Some Text