History of Leith, Edinburgh

Archive for 2012

Saint Nicholas

Monday, December 31st, 2012

Saint Nicholas (March 15, 270 – 6 December 346),[3][4] also called Nikolaos of Myra, was a historic 4th-century saint and Greek Bishop of Myra (Demre, part of modern-day Turkey) in Lycia. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker (???????? ? ????????????, Nikolaos ho Thaumaturgos). He had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, and thus became the model for Santa Claus, whose modern name comes from the Dutch Sinterklaas, itself from a series of elisions and corruptions of the transliteration of “Saint Nikolaos”. His reputation evolved among the faithful, as was common for early Christian saints. In 1087, part of the relics (about half of the bones) were furtively translated to Bari, in southeastern Italy; for this reason, he is also known as Nikolaos of Bari. The remaining bones were taken to Venice in 1100. His feast day is 6 December, for more click here

St. Nicholas Hospital

Monday, December 31st, 2012

It has always been thought that Abbot Ballantyne
founded the Chapel of St. Ninian in North Leith because
its inhabitants had no other place of worship, but this
does not seem to have been the case, for just at this
period there comes into notice for the first time another
chapel in North Leith of whose history practically nothing
is known beyond the fact that, like St. Anthony’s
in the Kirkgate, it seems to have been the chapel of a
hospital. This chapel and hospital, to which a burial
ground was attached, stood at the junction of the Citadel
and Johnston Streets. They were very appropriately
placed under the invocation of St. Nicholas, for
” St. Nicolas keepes the Mariners from danger and disease
1 That beaten are with boystrous waves and tost in dredful
seas,”
and North Leith has always been noted for mariners.
And just as St. Anthony’s Hospital was founded
before St. Mary’s Kirk in South Leith, so that of St.
Nicholas would seem to have been erected long before
St. Ninian’s, to which Abbot Ballantyne gave no churchyard,
an omission that is unaccountable save on the
supposition that North Leith already possessed one at
the Chapel of St. Nicholas. And in the churchyard of
St. Nicholas the good folk of North Leith continued to
bury their dead until 1656, when chapel and churchyard
were displaced by Cromwell’s citadel.

source-The Story of leith

Saint Ninian

Monday, December 31st, 2012

Saint Ninian (traditionally 4th-5th century) is a Christian saint first mentioned in the 8th century as being an early missionary among the Pictish peoples of what is now Scotland. For this reason he is known as the Apostle to the Southern Picts, and there are numerous dedications to him in those parts of Scotland with a Pictish heritage, throughout the Scottish Lowlands, and in parts of Northern England with a Northumbrian heritage. In Scotland, Ninian is also known as Ringan, and as Trynnian in Northern England. for more click here

Leonard of Noblac

Monday, December 31st, 2012

Leonard of Noblac or of Limoges or de Noblet (also known as Lienard, Linhart, Leonhard, Léonard, Leonardo, Annard) (died traditionally in 559), is a Frankish saint closely associated with the town and abbey of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, in Haute-Vienne, in the Limousin (region) of France. for more click here

Holyrood Abbey

Monday, December 31st, 2012

Holyrood Abbey is a ruined abbey of the Canons Regular in Edinburgh, Scotland. The abbey was founded in 1128 by King David I of Scotland. During the 15th century, the abbey guesthouse was developed into a royal residence, and after the Scottish Reformation the Palace of Holyroodhouse was expanded further. The abbey church was used as a parish church until the 17th century, and has been ruined since the 18th century. The remaining walls of the abbey lie adjacent to the palace, at the eastern end of Edinburgh’s Royal Mile. The site of the abbey is protected as a scheduled monument.for more click here

Abbot Ballantyne of Holyrood

Monday, December 31st, 2012

In 1493, Abbot Ballantyne gave
further proof of his solicitude for the welfare of his vassals
on both sides of the river in Leith. Just as Brother
Lathrisk, their old parish clerk, had found the long way
to St. Leonard’s and the Rudeside beyond his aged
strength, so there must have been feeble and delicate
folk among the abbot’s vassals there for whom service
at the Abbey Church meant a long and weary journey.
Abbot Ballantyne, therefore, erected at the north end
of the bridge the Church of St. Ninian, in later days
the parish church of North Leith, and endowed it with
the rents of the tenements which afterwards came to
be known as the Old Bridgend, and with the tolls of
wayfarers crossing the bridge. Here down to the Reformation
two priests continued to minister faithfully to
the religious needs of the Abbey’s vassals in Leith, and
every morning at six o’clock, in accordance with the
good abbot’s injunctions, St. Ninian’s bell was to ring
out, calling the inhabitants to early Mass, which the
two priests were to celebrate in turn on alternate weeks.

source-The Story of Leith

Broadside entitled ‘Murder’

Saturday, December 29th, 2012

This report begins: ‘An account of the shocking case of Mrs Anderson St Giles Street, Leith, found strangled to death in her house, on Monday morning last, with the apprehension of one of her neighbours, accused of having committed the diabolical murder ; also an account of the Dreadful destruction of Cromerty new jail by Fire, on Monday night, when shocking to relate, the keys of the prison were lost in the Confusion, and before the door could be forced open, the prisoners (whose horrid cries were heart-rending) were burned to death, and so reduced to ashes, that the bodies could not be known by their relations.’ Printed by Forbes and Co. of Edinburgh.for more click here

Broadside entitled ‘Minerva of Leith!’

Saturday, December 29th, 2012

This report begins: ‘A Full and Particular Account of the Loss of the Brig Minerva of Leith, belonging to Messrs Stenhouse, bound from Dublin to Glasgow, with Grain, which violently Struck on the Horse Island, off Ardrossan, Ayrshire, on Tuesday Morning, 18th December 1821’. This account was sourced from the ‘Ayr Advertiser’. for more click here

Broadside entitled ‘A Leith Smack Lost’

Saturday, December 29th, 2012

This report begins: ‘A Full and Particular Account of the COMET, a fine Smack belonging to the London and Edinburgh Shipping Company of Leith, on her passage from London, on the morning of Tuesday last, on Yarmouth Sands; with the Wonderful preservation of the Passengers and Crew, and their astonishing Sufferings and extraordinary escape, when the Vessel sunk in deep water.’ A woodcut of a sailing ship adorns the top of the sheet. for more click here

Broadside entitled ‘Dreadful Shipwreck of a London Smack’

Saturday, December 29th, 2012

This report begins: ‘Full, True, and Particular Account of the melancholy Shipwreck of the London Smack, Czar, near North Berwick, on Friday night last, when the Master, five of the crew, and thirteen Passengers were drowned.’ The report has been taken from the Edinburgh Courant newspaper and published by John Campbell, Edinburgh. The ‘Czar’ went down in 1831. for more click here

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