History of Leith, Edinburgh

December 19, 2011

The Rough Wooing

On the death of James V., in 1542, the Regent Arran thoroughly repaired the Castle, and appointed governor Sir James Hamilton of Stanehouse, a gallant soldier, ‘who proved worthy of the trust reposed in him when, in 1544, Henry VIII., exasperated at the Scots for declining to fulfil a treaty, made by an English faction, affiancing the young Queen Mary to his only son Edward, sent the Earl of Hertford with an army, and 200 sail under Dudley Lord I’Tsle to the Forth, with orders, so characteristic of a ferocious despot, ” to put all to fire and sword ; to burn Edinburgh, raze, deface, and sack it; to beat down and overthrow the Castle ; to sack Holyrood and as many towns and villages as he could; to sack Leith, burn, and subvert it, and all the rest; putting man, woman, and child, to fire and sword, without exception.”

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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