The History of Leith

November 5, 2011

South Leith-1559/1560

1559.—The Lords of the Congregation
besieged Leith, which had been fortified by the
French. Mary of Guise, the Queen Regent,
made Leith her headquarters in her struggles
against the Reformers.
1560.—The Queen Regent “expelling the
antient inhabitants of Leith and placing there
a new colony she would in that place build a
castle.” This castle was built in the Water
Lane, and the royal arms originally built
therein are now within the tower of South
Leith Church. During her residence in Leith
the Queen Regent with her nobility and court
worshipped in St Mary’s chapel.

The Royal Arms were actualy over the St Anthony Port not as stated above. Furthermore the Castle/Fort was part of the Wall of Leith

1560.—-An English army came to the
assistance of the Lords of the Congregation,
and encamped on the Links.
1560, April. —”The Englishmen lodging
on the south side of the toune beside Mount
Pellain (i.e. Lady Fyfe’s Brae) battered with
their great artillerie at the parish church of
Leith and at St. Anthonies Steeple on which
the Frenchmen had laid certain pieces of
artillerie and at length broke it down.”
1560, April l±th.—”On Easter Sunday
the English Army kept up a constant fire upon
the town and the church. The people at the
time were assembled for worship, when, during
the celebration of high mass and immediately
before the elevation of the host, a bullet was
shot through the great east window, passing
right over the Altar.”1560

source-South Leith Records

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