The History of Leith

September 23, 2011

Presbyterians

Presbyterianism is a system of church government through local assemblies of clergy and lay elders of equal rank (known as a classis), in contrast to episcopacy, whose hierarchy of bishops was regarded by Presbyterians as a “popish” survival of the pre-Reformation church. Presbyterian doctrine is based upon the teachings of John Calvin (1509-64) with its central theme of predestination — everything that happens is pre-ordained by God.

From the mid-16th century, Presbyterianism developed as a distinct branch of the Reformed church in Scotland, where the Kirk was reformed through Calvinism as interpreted in the works of John Knox (c.1513-72). After Knox’s death, his work was completed by Andrew Melville (1545-1622) who established the Presbyterian system of church government. The Presbyterians clashed with King James VI of Scotland (James I of England) over the authority of bishops but the General Assembly of the Scottish Church reluctantly accepted the Five Articles of Perth in 1618, which attempted to integrate episcopacy into the Kirk. James’ successor Charles I made further attempts to reform the Scottish Church, resulting in the signing of the Scottish National Covenant in 1638 and the Bishops’ Wars of 1639-40. for more click here

Some Text