The History of Leith

September 16, 2011

Castrum alatum, “a winged camp,

Although the Roman military causeway—of which some fragments still remain—from Brittanodunum to Alterva (i.e. from Dunbar to Cramond) passed close to it, the Castle rock never appears to have become a Roman station; and it is sufficiently curious that the military engineers of the invaders should have neglected such a strong and natural fortification as that steep and insulated mass, situated as it was in Valentia, one of their six provinces in Britain.
Many relics of the Romans have been turned up from time to time upon the site of Edinburgh, I but not the slightest trace has been found to indicate that it was ever occupied by them as a dwelling- place or city. Yet, Ptolemy, in his ” Geography,” speaks of the place as the Castrum alatum, “a winged camp, or a height, flanked on each side by successive heights, girded with intermediate valleys.” Hence, the site may have been a native fort or hill camp of the Ottadeni.

Source-Old and New Edinburgh

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