The History of Leith

May 6, 2011

The origin of the name “Edinburgh”

The origin of the name “Edinburgh” has proved the subject of much discussion. The prenomen is a very common one in Scotland, and is, always descriptive of the same kind of site—a slope, Near Lochearohead is the shoulder of a hill called Edin-a-chip, “the slope of the repulse,” having reference to some encounter with the Romans; and Edin ample is said to mean “the slope of the retreat” There are upwards of twenty places having the same descriptive prefix ; and besides the instances just noted, the following examples may also be cited :Edindincoillie, a ” slope ia the wood,” in Morayshirej Edinmore and Edinbeg, in Bute; Edindonach, in Argyllshire; and Edinglassie, ia Aberdeenshire. Nearly every historian of Edinburgh has had a theory on the subject Arnot suggests that the name is derived from Dunedin, ” the face of a hill;” but this would rather signify the fort of Ediin; and that name it bears in the register of the Priory of St Andrews, in 1107. Others are fond of asserting that the name was
given to the town or castle by Edwin, a Saxon prince of the seventh century, who “repaired it/ consequently it must have had some name before his time, and the present form may be a species of corruption of it, like that of Dryburgh, from Darrach-bruach, “the bank of the grove of oaks.”

source-Old and New Edinburgh

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