The History of Leith

July 17, 2007

Corn, carrier and coastal shipping: The shipping and trade of Berwick and the borders, 1730-1830

Berwick smacks were sloops with a single tall mainmast. They carried a good spread of canvas and were not unlike many of the fast sailing ships operating from British harbours at the end of the eighteenth century. The Dover-Calais cutters and the Holyhead-Dublin packets were similar. Some of the earliest Berwick smacks, like the Addison (built 1761) and the London and Berwick (1782), were built at Whitby; thereafter the majority were built at Berwick or Tweedmouth. By the beginning of the nineteenth century Berwick smacks had developed to an optimum length of about 70 ft and a measured tonnage of 130-50 tons.40 They could carry a cargo of 100-20 tons. for more click here

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