The History of Leith

June 11, 2007

Scottish Knights Templar


In 1128 the cousin of St Bernard of Clairvaux, Hugues de Payens, who served on the First Crusade with Henri St Clair, First Earl of Roslin, and is sometimes connected to Catherine St Clair, met King David I in Scotland. The Order established a seat at Balantrodoch, now Temple, Midlothian on the South Esk (River Esk, Lothian). In 1189 Alan FitzWalter, the 2nd Lord High Steward of Scotland was a benefactor of The Order. In 1311 Bishop Lamberton of St Andrews (St. Andrew’s Cathedral, St. Andrews) Guardian of Scotland gave the Templars his protection. In 1312 by the Papal Bull “Ad Providam” all assets of the Order of the Temple were given to Knights Hospitaller or Order of St. John except for Spain where they were succeeded by the Order of Montesa and Portugal where they became the Order of Christ and in Scotland the Order operated within the Hospitallers. When Sir James Sandilands, Preceptor of the Order of St. John converted to Protestantism during the reformation, the Order in Scotland is thought to have ceased. for more click here

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