The History of Leith

December 12, 2006

The Charter of bishop William Mudy, bishop of Caithness to the Preceptory of St Anthony at Leith

To all who shall read or hear this charter, William, by the grace of God and of the apostolic see bishop of Caithness, sends everlasting greeting in the Lord:
Know that for the increase of divine worship and for the sake of love, and also for the glory and honour of almighty God and His mother the most glorious virgin Mary and of the glorious confessor the blessed Anthony and saint Mary Magdalen, and for the salvation of our brother Gilbert Mudy of Caldwell and our father and all our parents and benefactors alive [?] and dead, and for the souls of the late Reverend Father James, bishop of St Andrews and Agnes Crownar the wife of our brother Gilbert, and for the souls of all to whom we are debtors or from whom we have goods, and for the sake of all the faithful departed, we give and dedicate, and by this our present charter do confirm, to God, the blessed Virgin Mary, saint Anthony, and the blessed Mary Magdalen, what is required for the upkeep of a chaplain to celebrate daily for ever at the altar of the blessed Mary Magdalen in the church and monastery of saint Anthony near and adjacent to the town of Leith:
For the sake of all the souls mentioned, assign our rents as follows:
forty shillings Scots annually payable at two terms at Pentecost [ sancti intini yeme] in equal portions from all the lands and holdings of the preceptory and conventual house of saint Anthony which belonged to the late William Clunes, situated in Leith, from the part of his in the barony of Restalrig below the viscountcy of Edinburgh. between the land of the late John Allan on the northern side and the land of James Lawson, burgess of Dunbar on the southern side;
forty shillings Scots annually payable at the aforesaid terms in equal portions from another piece of land of the said preceptory and convent lying in the said town of Leith, below the said barony and viscountcy, between the land of David White on the northern side and that of the late Francis Knightson, burgess of Edinburgh on the southern side;
forty shillings Scots annually payable at the aforesaid terms in equal portions from all the lands and holdings of Walter Spence of Leith, lying in the said town of Leith between the cemetery of the hospital of saint Anthony on the southern side and the public highway between the said limits hospital founded and built by the said preceptory;
forty shillings Scots annually payable at the said feast of Pentecost and [ sancti intini in yeme] in equal portions from all the lands and holdings of the late John Whiting lying In the town of Edinburgh on the southern side [ the royal burgh] between the land of the late Andrew Cramby on the eastern side and the land of Walter de Spote on the western side:
The aforesaid rents are to be considered and held as dedicated to God, the blessed virgin Mary, the blessed Anthony and saint Mary Magdalen and for a chaplain to celebrate daily and for ever at the altar of the said Mary Magdalen, and to his successors that they may be able to celebrate, by our heirs and successors, in pure, free and perpetual alms, to be handed on forever with all the usual rights and . . * belonging to them
The [ is to be as fully, freely, wholly and peacefully enjoyed in all ways as are any other rents within the kingdom of Scotland granted to any altar or any chaplain In pure, free and perpetual alms or could be given in future, .. without [ the right to revoke] or any similar obstacle:
We have previously wished, granted and ordered that the right of presentation to to the chaplaincy should belong to us for the whole of our life and after our death to our said brother Gilbert Mudy and his heirs of the name of Mudy [ it is made] within forty days of its falling vacant. If in this matter we, or our brother Gilbert or his heirs should fail or be negligent, It Is our wish and command that the right of presentation to the chaplaincy should then pass to the provost, bailies and councillors of Edinburgh and their successors to consider and think of a suitable chaplain for the said chaplaincy
Moreover let them be trustees and guardians of the said chaplaincy and altar, and let them have the power to distrain for the annual payments for the altar and chaplaincy in free alms on those who have failed to pay the aforesaid rents, and may they have power to recover as if they were heirs of our. And if it should happen (which It Is hoped it will not) that the preceptor and canons of saint Anthony are placed in relation to our chaplain or any of his successors In our chaplaincy in paying the rents, or if [ is paid is not enough] let them pay annually an increase granted to to our chaplain and his successors, namely, forty shillings Scots every year and It will then be permissible to the said Gilbert and his heirs and also the provost, bailies and councillors of Edinburgh to transfer and remove our chaplain or his successors and the chaplaincy, with all Its from saint Anthonys and the altar of the blessed Mary Magdalen to the church of the blessed Giles In Edinburgh and to any altar, or to any other church which may seem to them to be more suitable:
The said chaplain [ the time being] and his successors will be obliged to say mass daily at the said altar, as do chaplains of the same church;
And every Sunday and twice on a feast day [ there be sung mass in the said church in his [ about vestments, I thinkj as is proper for high mass and vespers, and let the chaplain be obliged In the of whatever mass to exhort the congregation to say with the collect for the souls of all those mentioned above:
It is also our desire that the said chaplain [ the time being] will praise duly and rightly [ ?] what is good and will conduct himself properly towards the preceptor and house of saint Anthony:
And we the said William bishop of Caithness and our heirs in perpetuity will guarantee the payment of the said annual rents to the altar and the chaplain and his successors;
In witness whereof we have affixed our seal to this our charter, in the presence of Robert Lindsay bailie of Leith, Donald Grote, master Robert Lane the chaplain, John Chapman, William Coruton, Donald Mudy, Gilbert Mudy, [Makavio ?] Baxter, and Thomas Maclellan. Done at Leith near Edinburgh, on the fifteenth of June in the year of Our Lord 1469.

Some Text