The History of Leith

April 20, 2006

The Kings Letter to Parliament 1660

Perth, Leith, and Inverness in 1660 and the fortifications of these … made against them persevere to keep their house and field for more click here


The Covenanters were 17th-century Presbyterians who committed themselves to keeping their form of worship as the sole religion of Scotland. for more click here

Peden was a persecuted Covenanter minister and field preacher. The intrigues and hatred of his enemies forces him at times to conceal his face from the onlooking crowds while preaching, so that he could not easily be recognized by informants and those seeking to take his life. The mask he used for this purpose is preserved in Scotland to this day. This sermon sets forth the tenderness of Christ to His suffering soldiers. It is filled with encouragement to the faithful, to persevere under intense suffering and persecution — even unto a martyr’s death if necessary (and many Covenanters sealed their testimony with their blood during these days). In mirroring the goodness and severity of God, this sermon also warns against occasional hearing (i.e. the hearing of backsliding preachers who oppose the Covenants and the Covenanted Reformation). Peden calls the clergy (referring alternately to the Prelates and the indulged Presbyterian ministers) of Scotland in his day “vile apostates,” “cursed time-servers” and “bastards who have left their bleeding and wounded mother in her distress.” He further notes that God will blast away all these unfaithful covenant-breakers. He closes this exhortation with a call to keep all of the attainments of the Covenanted Reformation and, if need be, to seal these truths with your blood. This sermon is read by ruling elder Lyndon Dohms from the book Sermons Delivered in Times of Persecution in Scotland, by Sufferers for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ. for more click here

Alexander Peden’s mask can be seen at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh

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